7.50 $CAD190.00 $CAD

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Non-Indoles. Baicalin.

(Note: all prices are listed in CAD.)

Baicalin, aka 3,4,5-trihydroxyflavone 4O-glycoside, is a naturally-occurring phenolic flavone isolated from the plant Scutellaria baicalensis. It is a glycoside prodrug for baicalein and metabolizes into equimolar amounts of baicalein and glucose. It is significantly less bioavailable than baicalein and is therefore less active as a GABAergic positive allosteric modulator. Various flavone derivatives appear to display similar in vitro binding affinity to benzodiazepenes at the BZD-specific GABAnergic binding sites[1]. This results in the increase of ionic current caused by chloride flow from the ligand gated channels. Because it readily metabolizes into baicalein, baicalin is expected to have virtually identical pharmacophore, albeit with reduced potency. Like baicalein, baicalin can slow the metabolism of other drugs via inhibition of the CYP450 enzymes commonly found in hepatocytes in the human liver (which are responsible for the large majority of metabolic routes for drugs in the human body). [2]

This compound is NOT intended for human consumption, and is for laboratory reagent or forensic/analytical purposes ONLY. The intent of its sale is agrochemical and other agricultural research.

[1] – Marder, M., Estiú, G., Blanch, L. B., Viola, H., Wasowski, C., Medina, J. H., & Paladini, A. C. (2001). Molecular modeling and QSAR analysis of the interaction of flavone derivatives with the benzodiazepine binding site of the GABA A receptor complex. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 9(2), 323-335. doi:10.1016/s0968-0896(00)00250-9

[2] – Gao, N., Qi, B., Liu, F., Fang, Y., Zhou, J., Jia, L., & Qiao, H. (2014). Inhibition of Baicalin on Metabolism of Phenacetin, a Probe of CYP1A2, in Human Liver Microsomes and in Rats. PLoS ONE,9(2). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0089752